The origin of the five Dhyani Buddha statues is Adi Buddha, also known as Vajradhara or the Primordial Buddha. Each Buddha represents their own virtue which resulted from perfecting its own negative emotion. Additionally, each Dhyani Buddha is associated with their own color, animal, direction and mudra. Indeed, the face of the Buddhas is expressionless, however each Buddha is rich with meaning.
Five Dhyani Buddha Statues
- Vairocana – is known as the “Great Illuminator” and his realm is the “Dharmadhatu” where all things exist in their ultimate true form. His wisdom is the all pervading wisdom of the Dharmakaya and his mudra is the Dharmachakra. Additionally, his color is white which represents the pure consciousness of Adi Buddha. It is believed that meditation on the color white can turn the poison of ignorance into the wisdom of reality.
- Ratnasambhava – is known as the “Jewel Born One” and his element is earth which embodies the aggregate of feeling. Additionally, Ratnasambhava is the Buddha of equanimity and his color is yellow. Meditation on the color yellow is believed to transform the delusion of pride into the wisdom of sameness. This Buddha displays the Varada “Boon Granting” mudra as a symbol of generosity.
- Amitabha – is the ruler of his western pure land Sukhavati. Amitabha uses the Dhyani “meditation” mudra, his wisdom is discriminating awareness, his element is fire and his color is red. Devotees believe that meditation on the color red can transmute the poison of attachment to the wisdom of discernment. Additionally, devotees believe that through the practice of mediation they can transport their consciousness into the field of pure perception (Sukhavati) at the time of death.
- Akshobhya – reigns over the Eastern Pure Land of Abhirati which means the “Land of Great Delight”. The Buddha Akshobhya displays the Bhumisparsha mudra and he has mastered complete control over his passions. Additionally, the color of Akshobhya is blue and he embodies the aggregate of rupa (form). Devotees believe that meditation on the color blue will transform anger into the wisdom of equanimity.
- Amoghasiddhi – encourages devotees to be fearless because they are under the protection of the Dharma teachings. As a result, they have nothing to fear in life or death. Amoghasiddhi displays the Abhaya “protection” mudra and his color is green. Additionally, his consort is the goddess of accomplishment – Green Tara. Indeed, Tibetan Buddhists believe that meditation on the color green can transmute the poison of jealousy into the wisdom of accomplishment.